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ÓˮO

    xúÓˮOԌеˮַxɸˇÓˮˮֿ̎0.2%£ˮ2000ppm,̎ÿ0.5--50ɶ

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    ڂyxˇĤxܺĹs70%܄|xOȫԄ\CͶٻ؈


ַQWʽC4H8O2Wʽ88.11Ͷζ^ߕrд̼Ԛζד]lһN;VľaƷЃܽ;VһNҪЙCԭϺ͹I܄
՚ˮ־ˮ΢ˮcȷҴͪѻܽijЩ}ȻȻȻ\ȻFȣ [1] 
  • ethyl acetate

  • e    

  • 

  • C4H8O2

  • 88.11 gmol−1

  • CAS̖

  • 141-78-6

  • EINECS̖

  • 205-500-4

  •     c

  • -83.6

  •     c

  • 77 C350.25 K

  • ˮ

  • 8.3 g/100 mL20 C

  •     

  • 0.902 g/mL

  •     ^

  • oɫҺw

  • W    c

  • -4

  •     

  • ЙC㾫tˎИI

  • ȫ

  • SS16-S26-S33

  • ΣUԷ̖

  • NFPA 704

  • ΣU

  • RR11-R36-R66-R67

  • UNΣU؛ホ̖

  • 32127

  • SMILES

  • CC(=O)OCC

  • ۹

  • 1.3720

  •     

  • 0.42625 C

  • żO

  • 1.78

  • ҪΣ

  • ȼд̼

  • Rc

  • 250.1 C (523.26 K)

  • UN̖

  • 1173

  • RTECS

  • AH5425000

|Y

݋
ӽY
Ħʣ22.35
Ħwem3/mol98.0
ȏݣ90.2K216.0
揈dyne/cm23.5
Oʣ10-24cm38.86 [2] 

|

^oɫҺw
ζЏҵƵĚζ`΢ľ־
ȼԣȼ
Wc棩-4棨]7.2棨_
ȼض棩426
ը%2.0
ը%11.5
СcmJ0.46
****ըMPa0.850
ճȣmPas,20oC0.45
c棩77.2
ղL260nm
ܶ՚=13.04
ܶȣˮ=10.90
Rضȣ250.1棩
c棩-83.6
۹20棩1.37081.3730
ܶȣˮ=10.894-0.898
ܶȣ՚=13.04
≺(kPa13.3327棩
ȼᣨkJ/mol2247.89
Rضȣ棩250.1
R牺(MPa3.83
/ˮϵČֵ0.73
ҜµķżOأ1.78D
ܽԣ΢ˮڴͪȷȶЙC܄ [2] 

W|

ַQһNй܈F-COOR̼c֮gpIǟoɫ͸д̼ԚζҺwһN;VľaƷЃܽ;VһNdzҪЙCԭϺ͹I܄VwSһwSȻzϩ֬wSϳzͿϼȵa^
ҲܰlQ߀ԭһĹͬcпs3-u-2-ͪcGrignardԇͪMһõ崼^290ӟ8~10Сro׃ͨ^tFܕrֽϩͨ^ӟᵽ300~350\۷ֽɚһ̼̼ͪϩ360ͨ^ÓˮXɷֽˮϩ̼ͱͪ⾀ֽ55%һ̼14%̼31%ȿȼԚwcȩBucluе⻯׷Ȼڳ„tӉŰlֽcȻһӟᵽ150c}ɸNYԵďͺ@ЩͺڟoˮҴˮˮ
cҴl淴҂fꐾƺܺúcҴɾйζ [2] 
ˮⷴ
ˮˮڕrҲuˮҴ΢AܴMˮⷴĉAˮcˮ****IJeAˮDzҲǷCпMcM
CH3COOCH2CH3+CH3OH⇌CH3COOCH3ʮCH3CH2OH
NH3+C2H5OOCCH3=C2H5OH+CH3CONH2

Ƃ䷽

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ȼҴټƬԷ ȻӟᣨԿƌ򞣩
עͶϱȴžҴ/ᣨweȣ=1.6
Ҵķʽ
ʽʽ
  • ע
1һĮa횱MʹķMһʹʹеһN^ڹIaʹķN^һҕԭǷ׵rǷԼǷ׻յȾwrڌһҴ^kҴ|֔ҪoˮҴ|֔95%ҴЧ߻ʹõĝһֻҪʹ|_Ҵ|3%Ϳɴ߻ܳȥɵˮʹԶһЩ
2ƂrضȲ^ڱ60桫70֮gض^ߕraѺ́ϩs|ҺwӟvСӟȿԇмƬƬԷֹҺw
3ܲҪ쵽Na2CO3Һȥֹڼӟ᲻Na2CO3ҺӟᷴԇҴcOˮɵ
4߻ˮ
5Na2CO3Һǣ
̼cҺpСˮеܽȣڷ֌ӣеܽеҴ
Na2CO3ܸ]lᷴɛ]Кζc„ζ
6ɲȡ´ʩ
ƂrضȲ^
ʹ͟oˮҴͬrҴ^k
߻õĝС˳ȥɵˮҪԶҴ
ʹßoC}Na2CO3ҺՓ]l
7Na2CO3ÉANaOHԭmȻҲҴljA߻صˮŒʧ [3] 

  • ȩsϷ
ҴX߻0-20rȩԄsϳWʽ£
2CH3CHO CH3COOC2H5
20o70ښWձȵγ˴Ҏģabaɱͭhoȷ@ă20o90҇gĻAτFfIԼgָ˺͇ˮƽ߀вԓڴˮĹІ},׵õȞ99.5%ϵăƷcֱԓЃclغDʺʸԭϳɱЧ@ԓȱcһǴ߻Ƃ似gy^ˮױˮԓşᷴҪÜض^͵ı}ˮs [4] 
  • Ҵ
ԭϵāԴͳɱҴԭϵĺϳ·^rҴ䷴Cɷ֞ɷNpܴ߻wϵ
Ⅲc
Pd-Cu/ӺY߻ضȞ150Ҵ䷴C£
C2H5OH+½O2CH3CHO+ H2O Pd-Cu
CH3CHO+½O2CH3 COOH (Pd-Cu)
C2HOH+ CH3COOHCH3COOC2H5 + H2O ᣩ
oⅢc
Cu/ CoO/ ZnO/ Al2O3߻ҴډAÓȩȩˮącͨ^Afͬ绯ҴҴC£
C2H5OHCH3CHO+ H2(Ó)
2CH3 CHO+ H2OCHOH+ CH3COOH绯
C2HOH+ CH3COOHCH3COOC2 H5+ H2O  [5] 
  • ϩӳɷ
ؓdڶdwϵs}s߻ϩڷضȞ150 1.0MPa l·仯Wʽ£
CHCOOH+ C2 H4CH3COOC2H5150.1.0Mpa
^ڶιܠMÿ֮g߷ƸİlԓĆγDʞ66%ϩӋx94%ֱSϩԭܽaɱSĿ˾_lԓaˇ1998 ӡ~؅^ձѺ늹g50 kt /a ab [6] 

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3.ڼIпϴʳƷIпԾƾζȡ߀ˎ^̺ЙCȡҲȾˎϵԭ
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